Religious Warfare in Europe 1400-1536
Oxford University Press, 8. 8. 2002. - Broj stranica: 238
Religious warfare has been a recurrent feature of European history. In this intelligent and readable new study, the distinguished Crusade historian Norman Housley describes and analyses the principal expressions of holy war in the period from the Hussite wars to the first generation of the Reformation. The context was one of both challenge and expansion. The Ottoman Turks posed an unprecedented external threat to the 'Christian republic', while doctrinal dissent, constant warfare between states, and rebellion eroded it from within. Professor Housley shows how in these circumstances the propensity to sanctify warfare took radically different forms. At times warfare between national communities was shaped by convictions of 'sacred patriotism', either in defending God-given native land or in the pursuit of messianic programmes abroad. Insurrectionary activity, espceially when driven by apocalyptic expectations, was a second important type of religious war. In the 1420s and early 1430s the Hussites waged war successfully in defence of what they believed to be 'God's Law'. And some frontier communities depicted their struggle against non-believers as religious war by reference to crusading ideas and habits of thought. Professor Housley pinpoints what these conflicts had in common in the ways the combatants perceived their own role, their demonization of their opponents, and the ongoing critique of religious war in all its forms. This is a major contribution to both Crusade history and the study of the Wars of Religion of the early modern period. Professor Housley explores the interaction between Crusade and religious war in the broader sense, and argues that the religious violence of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries was organic, in the sens that it sprang from deeply rooted proclivities within European society.
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The Subject Religious Warfare in the Late Middle Ages and Early Reformation
A Crucible of Religious Warfare Bohemia during the Hussite Wars 14001436
The Christian Commonwealth of Europe 14361536
The Assembling of Authority Scripture Messianic Individuals and Symbols
The Three Turks
The Critique of Religious War
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Anabaptists antemurale Antichrist apocalyptic arms army Bartoš battle belief Bernhard Rothmann Bockelson Bohemia Cambridge Castile Catholic cause Charles chiliastic Christ Christendom Christian church Colón conflict conquest contemporary context cross crusade Czech defence divine Dózsa early Eidgenossen enemies Erasmus eschatological Europe European example faith fight fought German Giovanni da Capistrano God’s Law Göllner Henry History holy Housley Hungarian Hungary Hussite wars Ibid ideas ideology Islam Jakob Wimpfeling Jakoubek Jerusalem Joachimist John Kaminsky Kerssenbroch king kingdom lands Lord Luther Medieval Melchior Hoffman Middle Ages Milhou military More’s Münster national messianism Nicholas Ottoman papal passim Peasants Peter Chelcˇicky Pilgrimage of Grace political pope Prague preaching Prince prophecy prophet radical Reformation religious warfare Renaissance revolt role Rothmann scriptural Senj Setton Sigismund social Stayer sword Tabor Taboritarum Taborite Thomas Müntzer trans Turcica Turkish Turks University Press uskoks utraquists victory violence waged Wars of Religion Zˇizˇka