## Introduction to Hyperbolic GeometrySpringer Science & Business Media, 16. pro 1995. - Broj stranica: 289 This book is an introduction to hyperbolic and differential geometry that provides material in the early chapters that can serve as a textbook for a standard upper division course on hyperbolic geometry. For that material, the students need to be familiar with calculus and linear algebra and willing to accept one advanced theorem from analysis without proof. The book goes well beyond the standard course in later chapters, and there is enough material for an honors course, or for supplementary reading. Indeed, parts of the book have been used for both kinds of courses. Even some of what is in the early chapters would surely not be nec essary for a standard course. For example, detailed proofs are given of the Jordan Curve Theorem for Polygons and of the decomposability of poly gons into triangles, These proofs are included for the sake of completeness, but the results themselves are so believable that most students should skip the proofs on a first reading. The axioms used are modern in character and more "user friendly" than the traditional ones. The familiar real number system is used as an in gredient rather than appearing as a result of the axioms. However, it should not be thought that the geometric treatment is in terms of models: this is an axiomatic approach that is just more convenient than the traditional ones. |

### Sadržaj

Introduction | 1 |

Axioms for Plane Geometry | 9 |

Some Neutral Theorems of Plane Geometry | 30 |

Qualitative Description of the Hyperbolic Plane | 69 |

H3 and Euclidean Approximations in H2 | 130 |

Differential Geometry of Surfaces | 153 |

Quantitative Considerations | 194 |

Consistency and Categoricalness of the Hyperbolic Axioms The Classical Models | 206 |

Matrix Representation of the Isometry Group | 222 |

Differential and Hyperbolic Geometry in More Dimensions | 236 |

Connections with the Lorentz Group of Special Relativity | 246 |

Constructions by Straightedge and Compass in the Hyperbolic Plane | 258 |

### Ostala izdanja - Prikaži sve

### Uobičajeni izrazi i fraze

algebraic angle of parallelism angular defect arclength assume called categoricalness Chapter circle congruent constant constructed coordinate system cosh curve defined Definition denote derivative determined differential direct isometry distance drop a perpendicular equal equation equidistant Euclidean geometry Euclidean plane Exercise finite fixed point follows formulas fractional linear transformations function geodesic given half-plane model hence horocycle horosphere hyperbolic geometry hyperbolic plane ideal point ideal rotation integer interior intersection invariant isometry group isomorphic lattice Lemma length line element linear Lorentz transformations mapping matrix metric tensor one-to-one ordered field parameter Poincaré half-plane model point at infinity polar coordinates polygon proof proved quadratic-surd field quadrilateral radius rational numbers real number system reflection represent right angles right triangle satisfies Section segment shown in Fig side sinh space straightedge subgroup surface tangent vector tanh Theorem translation triangle inequality unique vertex vertices zero

### Reference za ovu knjigu

Beyond the Einstein Addition Law and Its Gyroscopic Thomas Precession: The ... A.A. Ungar Pregled nije dostupan - 2001 |