Zuni origins: toward a new synthesis of Southwestern archaeology

University of Arizona Press, 2007 - Broj stranica: 517
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The Zuni are a Southwestern people whose origins have long intrigued anthropologists. This volume presents fresh approaches to that question from both anthropological and traditional perspectives, exploring the origins of the tribe and the influences that have affected their way of life. Utilizing macro-regional approaches, it brings together many decades of research in the Zuni and Mogollon areas, incorporating archaeological evidence, environmental data, and linguistic analyses to propose new links among early Southwestern peoples. The findings reported here postulate the differentiation of the Zuni language at least 7,000 to 8,000 years ago, following the initial peopling of the hemisphere, and both formulate and test the hypothesis that many Mogollon populations were Zunian speakers. Some of the contributions situate Zuni within the developmental context of Southwestern societies from Paleoindian to Mogollon. Others test the Mogollon-Zuni hypothesis by searching for contrasts between these and neighboring peoples and tracing these contrasts through macroregional analyses of environments, sites, pottery, basketry, and rock art. Several studies of late prehistoric and protohistoric settlement systems in the Zuni area then express more cautious views on the Mogollon connection and present insights from Zuni traditional history and cultural geography. Two internationally known scholars then critique the essays, and the editors present a new research design for pursuing the question of Zuni origins. By taking stock and synthesizing what is currently known about the origins of the Zuni language and the development of modern Zuni culture, Zuni Origins is the only volume to address thissubject with such a breadth of data and interpretations. It will prove invaluable to archaeologists working throughout the North American Southwest as well as to others struggling with issues of ethnicity, migration, incipient agriculture, and linguistic origins.

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Prehistoric Cultural and Linguistic Patterns in the Southwest since
Archaeological Concepts for Assessing MogollonZuni Connections
ZuniArea Paleoenvironment
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O autoru (2007)

David A. Gregory is a research archaeologist at the Center for Desert Archaeology in Tucson and author with Michael H. Bartlett and Thomas M. Kolaz of Archaeology in the City: A Hohokam Village in Phoenix, Arizona.

David R. Wilcox is a senior anthropologist at the Museum of Northern Arizona in Flagstaff and is co-editor, with Curtis M. Hinsley, of The Southwest in the American Imagination and The Lost Itinerary of Frank Hamilton Cushing.

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