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Hadath (Adata) 244, 263
Hadrian II., Pope, 202, 400
Hadrianople, Stauracius at, 16, 165 ;

Nicophorus I. at, 340, 348 ; attacked
by Bulgarians, 353, 356 ; parents

of Basil I. at, 356
Hafaja ibn Sufyan, 308
Hair, fashion of wearing, 124
Hakam, Al-, Emir of Cordova, 287
Halmyros, river, 101
Hanazit, 260
Harold Hardrada, 422
Harun al-Rashid, character, 233; revenue

under, 236 ; residence, 241; 244,
245; wars with the Empire, 249

$99.
Haruniyah, 245
Hearth-tax, see Kapnikon
Hebdomon, see under Constantinople
Helena, St., Gastria legend of, 142
Helena, wife of Manuel, 145
Hèliaka, 132
Heraclea (on Propontis), 103, 107, 356
Heraclea (Kybistra), 246, 250, 473
Heracliana, 321, 344
Heron (mathematician), 438
Hesiod, 441
Hetaereia and Hetaeriarch, 12, 159 ;

Artavasdos, 178
Hexabulios, see John Hexabulios
Hieria, 191 ; palace of, 127, 133
Hieron, toll-house of, 213, 217
Hikanatoi instituted, 14, 227 sq.
Hilarion, Exarch of Patriarchal Monas-

teries, 73, 75, 139,
Hincmar, of Reims, 387
Hippocrates, 438
Hisn as-Sakalibah, fort, 246
Hisn Mansur, fort, 244
Holmgard, 412
Holy Ghost, theory of Procession of,

200, 305 sq.
Homer, 435, 441
Homoniza, 296, 450
Horkosion, 91
Humandi, 288, 289
Hunain ibn Ishak, 438
Hungarians, see Magyars (cp. 492)
Huns, 89
Hurramites, 251, 257
Husain, poet, 266
Hyatros, island, 183
Hymns, 271 sq.

of Michael II., 112 sqq. ; of Theo-
philus, 135 sqq. ; end of, 144 sqq.,

182, 193
Icons, 141, 150; iconography, 433
Idrisid dynasty, 295
Ignatius, deacon : lampoon' on Thomas,

109 ; biographical works, 183 ;
Vita Nicephori Patr., 57; Canon
(hymn) on Amorian martyrs, 271,

417
Ignatius, Patriarch: birth, 14 ; Domestic

of Hikanatoi, 227 ; tonsured, 29;
his monasteries, 30 ; refuses to
tonsure Theodora, 160, 188 ; 163 ;
monastic work, 183 sq. ; Patriarch,
184 ; quarrel with Gregory, 184 sqq.;
offends Bardas and Michael, 188;
arrested and exiled, 189; deposed,
191 ; sufferings, ib., 198 ; petition
to Pope, 198 sq. ; restored by Basil,
203 ; caricatured, 432; date of de-

position, 470
Image - worship, abuses of, 117; final

restoration, 144 sqq. (see Iconoclasm)
Indians (negroes), 89
Inheritances, taxation of, 216
Inscriptions-
Byzantine, on land - walls of Con-

stantinople, 96
on sea-walls of Constantinople, 1134

sq.
in Chrysotriklinos, 150
on bricks, 166
on walls of Ancyra, 266

on tower in Peloponnesus, 378
Bulgarian (Aboba), 365, 366

(Chatalar), 334, 368 sq.
(Eski-juma), 360
(Kady-keui), 343
(Philippi), 481 sq.
(Shumla), 373, Appendix X.
(Suleiman-keui), 360
(Tyrnovo), 367

various, 334 sq., 370
Latin (San Clemente, Rome), 401
Insects, 195
Inthronistic letters, 192, 193
Ionian Islands, 224
Irenaeus, magister, 300
Irene, Empress : career, policy, and fall,

1 sqq. ; death, 7 ; iconoclastic view
of her ecclesiastical acts, 69; tribute
to Harun, 249 ; embassy of Arichis
to, 311 ; negotiations with Charles

the Great, 317, 320
Irene, Empress, wife of Constantine V.,

407
Irene, sister of Theodora, 156
Irene, mother of Photius, 156
Irene, Cappadocian, 156
Irenopolis, 347
Iron Gate, pass in Balkans, 339

Ibn Kadim, 300
“Ibn Katuna,” 292
Ibn Khurdadhbah, 226, 235, 237, 412
Ibn Kudama, 226, 237
Ibrahim, son of Aghlab, 244, 295
Iconoclasm : policy of Nicephorus I.,

57; revived by Leo V., 57 sqq. ;
Christological aspect of, 70 ; policy

Iron Gate, pass in Stranja hills, 384
Isbules, 370, 372 sq., 482 sq.
Isocrates, 388
Isperikh, 337, 338
Istria, 323, 325, 329, 330
Italy, southern, 308 sqq.
Itil, 403, 407, 412, 414

Jundār, 408
Jurjan, 414
Justice, administration of, Court of

Magnaura, 10, 123 ; Prefect of
City, 10; Quaestor, 10, 122 (see

also under Theophilus, Emperor)
Justin I., Emperor, compared with

Michaol II., 79
Justinian Parteciacus, Duke of Venice,

80, 301, 327

Jacobites, 242
Jafar ibn Dinar, 283
Jambol, 339
Januarius, St., 310
Jesolo, 321
Jewellers, at Constantinople, productions

of, 193, 433
Jews, at Amorion, 78 ; in Khazar empire,

405 sqq., 409, 414
Joannikios, hermit, 147, 184
Job, Palestinian monk, 75, 139
Job, Patriarch of Antioch, 88, 89
John III., Pope, 208
John, abbot of Katharoi, 75, 139
John Aplakes, 350 sq.
John, Bulgarian envoy, 389
John Chaldos, 171, 178
John of Damascus, 70
John, deacon : biography of St. Clement,

485 sq.

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John Doxopatres (Sikeliotes), 456
John of Eukairia, 73
John Gorgonites, 197
John, bishop of Gotthia, 409
John the Grammarian (Patriarch) :

family, 60 ; learning, ib., 435; pre-
pares case for iconoclasm in A.D.
814-815, 60 sqq., 67; abbot of Saints
Sergius and Bacchus, 73; assists
in persecution, ib., 74, 75 ; brings
plan of palace from Baghdad, 133;
Synkellos, 256 ; Patriarch, 135
assists in persecution, 135 sqq. ;
deposition, 147 sq. ; retirement,
151 sq. ; embassy to the Caliphate,
256 sqq., 475 sq. ; caricatured, 431 ;

magic practices, 443 sq.
John Hexabulios, advice to Michael I.,

27 ; Logothete of Course, 49 ; advice
to Leo V., ib.; advice to Michael II.,
106 ; present at meeting of Leo V.

with Krum, 354
John Kolobos, 150
John, bishop of Monembasia, 73
Johu Neatokometes, 169, 171
John Parteciacus, 327
John, abbot of Psicha, 75
John Spektas, 61
Joseph, archbishop of Thessalonica, 35
Joseph, Chagan of Khazars, Hebrew

letter of, 406 sq.
Joseph, oeconomos of St. Sophia, 34 sqq. ;

second suspension of, 41 ; assists in
iconoclastic inquisition, 74

Kaballa, 107
Kabars, 89, 426
Kabyle, 362
Kadykei, 367
Kairawan, 297
Kalancha, 424
Kalat al-Kurrat, 299
Kalavrye, 101
Kallistos Melissenos, Count of Schools,

124 ; Duke of Koloneia, 223; death

of, 271, 277
Kalonymos, island, 74
Kamarina, 307
Kamateros, see Petronas Kamateros
Kamchiia, Great, river, 367
Kanas uvêgê, 334
Kanikleion, Chartulary of, Theoktistos,

159 ; Bardas, ib.
Kanisah as-Sawdā, 245
Kapnikon, 212, 213 sq., 218
Kapnogenes, see Constantine Kapnogenes
Karbeas, Paulician, 277, 279
Kardam, 340, 350
Karkh, 241
Karlmann, son of Lewis the German, 383
Karnobad, see Marcellae
Kasia, 81 sq.
Kasin, 259, 472, 474
Kassiteras, see Theodotos Kassiteras
Kassymatas, see Antonius Kassymatas
Kastor, see Leo Kastor
Katakylas, Count of Opsikion, 87, 99,

102
Katathema, 182
Katepano, 222, 416
Kaukhan, 335, 370
Kêduktos, battle of, 101 ; Michael I. at,

350 ; date of, 463
Keltzene, 176, 261
Kende, 425
Kentarchs, 227
Kephallenia (Kephalonia), Theme in

A.D. 810, 224
Kephaloedion, 305, 307, 308
Kêpoi, 171
Keration, 214
Khazars, in Roman service, 228 ;

western extension of their Empire,
337; mission of Constantine the
Philosopher to, 394 sq.; descrip-
tion of their empire and institutions,

402 sqq. ; conversion to Judaism,
405 sqq.; attempt to convert to
Islam, 407; wars with Saracens,
407 sq. ; relations of the Roman
Emperors to, 414 sqq. ; ask Theo-
philus to build Sarkel, 416 ; settle-
ment at Shamkor, 423; relations

to Magyars, 423 sqq., 491
Kiev, 411; occupation by Russians,

419, 422 sq. ; Magyar attack on,

425
Kinamon, 382
Kios, 13
Kipchaks, 411
Kleidion, 151
Kleisurarchies, 223, 249. See Themes
Klimata of Chersonesus, 223, 224, 415,

417
Knossos, 289
Kokusos, 248
Kolobos, see John Kolobos
Kometas, philologist, 439
Kontomytes, see Constantine Kontomytes
Koran, heresy as to the, 233 sq., 276
Kordyles, 370
Kormisos, 339, 347
Koron, fort, 473, 474
Korone, 378
Krambonitai, family, 54
Krateros, stratêgos of Kibyrrhaeots, 290
Krateros, see Theodore Krateros
Krenitai, family, 126
Krivichi, 412
Krum, 28, 46, 165; carries off works of

art from Constantinople, 333 sq.,
355 ; his sister, 336; his brother,

353; reign of, 340 sqq.
Kupharas, see Theodore Kupharas
Kurru, see Koron
Kyminas, Mt., 150
Kynoschora, 277
Kynuria, 381

Leo III., Emperor, admired by Leo V.,

58
Leo V., Emperor : origin 11 ; Count of

the Federates, 13; strat. of Anatolics,
24 ; prophecies of his elevation, 25 ;
ambiguous conduct at Versinicia, 26,
350 899. ; elevation, 28 sq. ; reign,
43 sqq. ; ecclesiastical policy, 56
$99. ; dealings with Iberia, 265;
with Paulicians, 277; treaty with
Lewis the Pious, 325, 329 ; embassy
to Lewis in A.D. 817, 329; interest
in Venice, 327 ; war with Bulgarians,
353 sqq. ; Wall of, 359; erects

watch-tower in Greece, 378
Leo VI., Emperor: parentage of, 169; law

on interest, 217; military salaries

under, 225
Leo III., Pope: letter to Theodore Stud.,

37; crowns Charles, 318 sq.
Leo IV., Pope, 185, 193
Leo, bishop of Mytilene, 75
Leo, candidatus, envoy of Michael II, to

Lewis, 117
Leo Chamaidrakon, 124
Leo Grammaticus, chronicle, 456
Leo Kastor, 174
Leo Lalakon, 191
Leo, magister, 440
Leo, the Philosopher, warns Bardas of

danger, 170; constructs signal
clocks, 247 ; 271 ; professor at Con-
stantinople, 435, 437, 439 ; career,
436 sqq. ; invited to Baghdad, 436;
attacked posthumously for Hel.

lenism, 440 sqq.
Leo, protovestiarios, 258
Leo, sakellarios under Irene, 5
Leo, sakellarios under Michael II., 116
Leo Serantapêchos, 5
Leo Sklêros, 378
Leo, Spatharios, flees to Charles the

Great, 318
Leo, stratêgos of Armeniacs, 343
Leo Triphyllios,
Leontini, 306
Leontios, iconoclastic monk, 61
Leontios, false legate at Council of 867,

202
Lesbos, 7, 90, 293
Levente, 426
Lewis the Pious, Emperor, 81 ; letter

of Michael II. to, 104, 117, 330 ;
attempts

to settle iconoclastic
question, 118 ; embassies to Michael
II., ib. ; embassy of Theophilus to,
273, 418; treaty with Leo V., 325,
329 (cp. 355, n. 1); relations with

Bulgaria, 363 sqq.
Lewis II., Emperor: negotiations with

Constantinople, 201 ; acclaimed
Basileus at Constantinople, 203 ;

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campaign in Italy, 315 ; proposed
marriage with daughter of Theo-

philus, 331, 432
Lewis the German, 373, 382 sqq., 389, 425
Libellus Ignatii, 198
Liburnia, 325
Licata, 299
Licosa, cape, battle of, 314
Lipari, as place of exile, 37
Liudewit, 330, 363
Lizikos, 182
Logothete of the Course (toll Opbuov), 35 ;

Hexabulios, 49, 106; Theoktistos,

144 ; Symbatios, 159
Logothete, General (του γενικού),

functions, 210; Nicephorus, 5;

Phlotheos, 171
Logothete of the Herds (Tv åyedôv), 211
Logothete, Military (Toù otpaTIWTIKOŮ),

210
Lombards of South Italy, 309 sqq.
Longoi, 102
Lothar, Emperor, 328, 331
Lothar II. of Lothringen, 200
Luchane, 412
Lulon, 245, 246 sq., 254, 280, 472, 474,

476
Lycaonia, Paulicianism in, 13

Macedonia, Bulgarians in, 340 ; Slavs of,

342; colonists from Asia Minor in,

342, 347
“Macedonia” beyond the Danube, 165

sq., 356, 370
Magic, 38, 433 sqq.
Magister (uáriotpos, order of rank),

108; Theoktistos, 16; Alexios,
127 ; Arsaber, 156 ; Bardas, 160 ;
Basil, 174; Petronas, 284; chief
magister (πρωτομάγιστρος), 127 ;

Manuel, 144 ; Irenaeus, 300
Maglabitai, 53
Magnaura, school of, 437, 439
Magyars (Τούρκοι), 366, 371, 410;

migrations of, 423 sqq., and Appen-
dix XII. ; language, 426 ; tribes,

424
Mahdi, Caliph, 241 sq.
Mahdi, 253
Maina, 381
Majid, fort, 473
Makarios, abbot of Pelekete, 75, 139, 277
Makrolivada, 361
Malagina, 13
Malakopaia, 474
Malamir, reign of, 369 sqq., 382, Appen-

dix X.
Malamocco, 321 sq., 324, 327
Maleinos, see Nicephorus Maleinos
Malevo, 376
Mamun, Caliph, supports Thomas the

Slavonian, 87 sqq. ; religious heresy,

233 sq. ; finance under, 237 ; at
Baghdad, 243, 259; struggle with
Amin, 251 ; with Babek, ib. ; war
with the Empire, 254 sqq., 472 sqq. ;
death, 256; expedition against
Khazars, 408; interest in science

and learning, 446 sqq.
Maniakes, see Constantine, Armenian
Manichaeanism imputed to Paulicians,

40, 200, 277
Manikophagos, 268, 271
Mansur, Caliph, 239 sq.
Manuel, protostrator, 27 ; stratêgos of

Armeniacs, 46 ; uncle of Theodora,
81 (cp. 476); regent for Michael
III., 144, 155; connection with
Studites, 145, 149; speech in
Hippodrome, 146 ; magister, 149 ;
flight of, 256 sq. (cp. 272, 461),

474 sqq. ; Domestic of Schools, 258
Manuel, archbishop of Hadrianople, 356,

359, 382
Marbles, 130, 132
Marcellae, 339, 341, 343
Mardaites, 378
Maria, Empress, wife of Constantine

VI., 111
Maria, daughter of Theophilus, 126,

Appendix VI.
Maria, wife of Basil I., 169
Marianos, brother of Basil I., 459
Marineo, 305
Marinos, father of Empress Theodora,

81, 156
Marj-Uskuf, 284
Mark, St., corpse of, 327
Marriage with non-Christians and heretics,

124
Martin, Bulgarian envoy, 389
Martyropolis, 284
Marwan, Caliph, 407
Masalaion, 73
Massar, 313
Mathematics, 436 sqq.
Maurianos, 178
Maurice, Emperor, = Maruk, 241 sq.
Maurice, Duke of Venice, 322 ; his son

and colleague, Maurice, 323
Mauropotamon, 274, 282
Mazara, 298 sq.
Megerê, Hungarian tribe, 492
Melas, R., 102
Meleona, 338, 341, 348, 362
Melissenoi, family of, 25, 67, 159 (see

Kallistos Melissenoi)
Melitene, 244, 260, 273, 278
Menzale, Lake, 292
Mesembria, 347, 350, 357
Messina, 306
Metamir, 474
Methodius, apostle of the Slavs, 393,

399, 400, 401; Appendix XI.

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Michael, Synkellos of Jerusalem, 75 ;

imprisoned by Theophilus, 139;

abbot of Chora, 147
Michael, commander at Panormos, 297,

450
Michael, stratêgos of Sicily, 450
Michael, bishop of Synnada, 65, 75
Michael Syrus, chronicle, 275, 462 sqq.
Miliarision, 214
Milings, 376, 379, 380
Miliniska, 413
Mineo, 302, 303, 304
Mines, 212
Miniatures, 431 sq.
Mint, 211, 212
Minturnae, 310
Misenum, 314
Moechian controversy, 34 sqq. (cp. 38,

note 1)
Mohammad ibn Huzaw, 288
Mohammad, African general in Sicily,

301
Mohammad ibn Musa (al-Khwarizmi),

438
Molos (in Lesbos), 75
Monasteries (see also under Constanti.

nople)-
Agathos (Bosphorus), 68, 112
Agros (Sigriane), 74
Crescentius, 112
Despotai, 56
Kleidion, 151
Pelekete, 75
Phoberon, 140, 141
Satyros, 30, 133, 183
Sosthenes, 136
Theodore, St. (Bosphorus), 68, 112

Methodius, Patriarch : abbot of Chêno.

lakkos, 73; at Rome, ib. ; brings
papal letter to Michael II., 115 ;
imprisoned, 116; treatment of, by
Theophilus, 139 sq., 435; share in re.
storing images, 145 sqq. ; Patriarch,
147; date of death, 145; scandalous
charge against, 151; moderate policy
against heretics, 152, 182 ; attacked

by Studites, 181 899.
Methodius, painter, 374, 386
Methone (in Peloponnesus), 378
Metopa, 71
Metrophanes, bishop of Smyrna, 151,

190 sq., 396, 486
Mezkert, 260
Michael I., Emperor : Curopalates, 14 ;

children, 14 ; relations to Stauracius,
17 sqq. ; reign, 21 sqq. ; policy, 23
sq. ; defeated by Bulgarians, 26 ;
fall, 29; death, 30; ecclesiastical
policy, 39 899: ; negotiations with
Charles the Great, 325 ; Bulgarian
war, 346 sqq.; conspiracy of brothers

of Constantine V. against, 346
Michael II., Emperor : supports and

deserts Bardanes, 11 sq. ; Count of
the Tent, 12 ; relations with Leo V.,
44 sqq.; Domestic of Excubitors,
46 ; conspiracy against Leo V., 48
899. ; accession and coronation, 77
sq. ; character, 78 sqq., 112; second
marriage, 110 sq.; ecclesiastical
policy, 111 sqq. ; letter to Lewis
the Pious, 117, 462 ; death, 118 ;
attitude to fellow - conspirators
against Leo V., 125; lightens hearth-
tax, 218; attempts to recover Crete,
289 sq. ; sends expedition to Sicily,

296 sqq. ; Dalmatia under, 330
Michael III., Emperor : birth, 126 (and

Appendix VI.); minority, 154 sqq. ;
marriage, 156 ; overthrows the re-
gency, 157 sqq. ; proclaimed sole
autokrator, 160; expels Theodora,
ib. ; consigns government to Bardas,
161 sqq. ; passion for horse races,
162, 176, 285 ; travesties ecclesias-
tical ceremonies, 162 sq. ; extrava-
gance, 164 ; relations with Eudocia
Ingerina, 156, 162 ; promotes Basil,
168 sqq. ;

arranges murder of
Bardas, 170 sqq. ; letter to Photius,
172 ; elevates Basil to throne, 174
sq.; murder of, 177 sq. ; called
Drunkard, 176; fortifies Ancyra,
266 ; campaigns against Saracens,

419; suppresses fire
signals, 285; military demonstration
in Bulgaria, 384 ; acts as sponsor to
Boris, 385 ; repels Russians, 421 ;
length of reign, 468

Tryphon, St., 116
Monasteries, taxation of, 213, 215
Monasticism, 196, 208 sq.
Monegarius, 326
Monembasia, 73
Money, comparative value of, 220
Mopsuestia, 245, 250, 276
Moravia, Great, 383, 392 sqq.
Mordvins, 411
Morocharzamioi, family, 60
Moros, see Theodore Moros
Mosaics, 131 sq.
Mosmar, 86
Motyke, 306
Mumdzhilar, mound at, 367
Mummeries of Michael III., 162 sq.,

176
Muntamir, 374
Mustain, Caliph, 243, 286
Mutasim, Caliph : religious views, 234;

Turkish bodyguard, 237 ; goes to
Samarra, 238, 243; war with

Empire, 259 sqq.
Mutawakkil, Caliph, 234, 307
Mutazalites, 233 sq.

279 $99.,

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