OECD Territorial Reviews: Newcastle in the North East, United Kingdom 2006

Naslovnica
OECD Publishing, 14. pro 2006. - Broj stranica: 240

Across the OECD, globalisation increasingly tests the ability of regional economies to adapt and exploit their competitive edge, as it also offers new opportunities for regional development. This review of Newcastle in the United Kingdom looks at a medium-sized metropolitan area that is the growth centre for its region. This review makes a series of recommendations designed to consolidate governance structures and improve the competitiveness of the region vis-a-vis other similar regions across Europe.

 

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Stranica 4 - Responding to a need to study and spread innovative territorial development strategies and governance in a more systematic way, the OECD created in 1999 the Territorial Development Policy Committee (TDPC) and its Working Party on Urban Areas (WPUA) as a unique forum for international exchange and debate. The TDPC has developed a number of activities, among which a series of specific case studies on metropolitan regions.
Stranica 201 - ... remains to be done on this issue. 4. A Note on Jurisdictional Boundaries The treatment to this point has implicitly taken as given a pattern of boundaries that divide the nation-state into a set of jurisdictions for decentralized governance. The existence and magnitude of spillover effects from localized public policies clearly depend on the geographical extent of the relevant jurisdiction. One way to deal with such spillovers is to increase the size of the jurisdiction, thereby internalizing...
Stranica 109 - CEE's subnational units are too small. i0 The Eurostat Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) provides a single uniform breakdown of territorial units for the production of regional statistics for the European Union.
Stranica 116 - Under the Regional Development Agencies Act 1998, each Agency has five statutory purposes, which are: • To further economic development and regeneration • To promote business efficiency, investment and competitiveness • To promote employment • To enhance development and application of skill relevant to employment • To contribute to sustainable development 22. The RDAs...
Stranica 169 - ... Centre (Motesplats), have focused on labour market, such as improved placement services and career enhancement. To improve coherence and co-ordination of actions among central government and the municipalities, county councils and regions, Sweden launched in 1998 a Metropolitan Policy aiming to "end the social, ethnic and discriminatory segregation in the metropolitan areas and to work for equal and comparable living conditions for people living in the cities".
Stranica 195 - Department for Transport; Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs; Home Office; Department for Culture, Media and Sport; Department of Health; and Department for Work and Pensions, as they were then known.
Stranica 240 - Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions (2002), Your Region, Your Choice: Revitalising the English Regions, available at http://image.guardian.co.uk/sysfiles/Society/documents/2002/05/09/whitepaper.pdf#search=%22White %20paper%20on%20Regional%20Governance%202002%22.
Stranica 85 - ... less. Gross earnings are measured before tax, National Insurance or other deductions. They include overtime pay, bonuses and other additions to basic pay but exclude any payments for earlier periods (eg back pay), most benefits in kind, tips and gratuities.
Stranica 211 - ... Box 3.1. Metropolitan governmental authorities: the Stuttgart Regional Association, the Greater London Authority and Metro Portland (cont.) The Metropolitan Service District, usually known as Metro Portland, is a government for the Portland metropolitan area in Oregon, and the only directly-elected regional government in the United States. Metro serves more than 1.3 million residents in Clackamas, Multnomah and Washington counties, and the 25 cities in the Portland, Oregon, metropolitan area....
Stranica 183 - ... rationale for horizontal collaboration The main rationale for building intra-metropolitan co-operation is linked with the fragmentation of administrative jurisdictions within metropolitan areas. As major cities of OECD countries expand geographically outward, old administrative boundaries usually remain in place, creating a patchwork of municipalities within the urban area, each with its own vested interests to defend. Table 3.1 shows that almost all metropolitan regions studied by the OECD are...

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