Modern Socialism: As Set Forth by Socialists in Their Speeches, Writings, and Programmes

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Robert Charles Kirkwood Ensor
Harper & Brothers, 1907 - Broj stranica: 388
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Collection of 29 articles by various authors.
 

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Stranica 36 - When, in the course of development, class distinctions have disappeared, and all production has been concentrated in the hands of a vast association of the whole nation, the public power will lose its political character. Political power, properly so called, is merely the organized power of one class for oppressing another. If the proletariat during its contest with the bourgeoisie is compelled? by the force of circumstances, to organize itself as a class, if, by means of a revolution, it makes itself...
Stranica 35 - The proletariat will use its political supremacy to wrest, by degrees, all capital from the bourgeoisie; to...
Stranica 94 - The property which every man has in his own labour, as it is the original foundation of all other property, so it is the most sacred and inviolable. The patrimony of a poor man lies in the strength and dexterity of his hands; and to hinder him from employing this strength and dexterity in what manner he thinks proper without injury to his neighbour, is a plain violation of this most sacred property.
Stranica 36 - Of course, in the beginning, this cannot be effected except by means of despotic inroads on the rights of property, and on the conditions of bourgeois production; by means of measures, therefore, which appear economically insufficient and untenable, but which, in the course of the movement, outstrip themselves, necessitate further inroads upon the old social order, and are unavoidable as a means of entirely revolutionising the mode of production.
Stranica 351 - That in the opinion of this Conference the time has arrived when the Labour Party should have as a definite object the socialisation of the means of production, distribution, and exchange, to be controlled by a democratic State in the interest of the entire community ; and the complete emancipation of Labour from the domination of capitalism and landlordism, with the establishment of social and economic equality between the sexes.
Stranica 31 - abolished," it withers away. It is from this standpoint that we must appraise the phrase "people's free state"— both its justification at times for agitational purposes, and its ultimate scientific inadequacy— and also the demand of the socalled Anarchists that the state should be abolished overnight.
Stranica 36 - State 7. Extension of factories and instruments of production owned by the State; the bringing into cultivation of waste lands, and the improvement of the soil generally in accordance with a common plan 8. Equal liability of all to labor. Establishment of industrial armies, especially for agriculture 9. Combination of agriculture with manufacturing industries : gradual abolition of the distinction between town and country, by a more equable distribution of the population over the country 10.
Stranica 36 - A heavy progressive or graduated income tax. 3. Abolition of all rights of inheritance. 4. Confiscation of the property of all emigrants * and rebels. 5. Centralization of credit in the hands of the State, by means of a national bank with State capital and an exclusive monopoly. 6. Centralization of the means of communication and transport in the hands of the State.
Stranica 36 - Nevertheless, in the most advanced countries, the following will be pretty generally applicable : . 1. Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes. 2. A heavy progressive or graduated income tax. 3. Abolition of all right of inheritance. 4. Confiscation of the property of all emigrants and rebels. 5. Centralization of credit in the hands of the state, by means of a national bank with state capital and an exclusive monopoly.
Stranica 14 - The Materialist conception of history starts from the principle that production, and with production the exchange of its products, is the basis of every social order ; that in every society which has appeared in history the distribution of the products, and with it the division of society into classes or estates, is determined by what is produced and how it is produced, and how the...

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