Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski was born in Warsaw, Poland on March 28, 1928. He received a bachelor's degree in 1949 and a master's degree in 1950 from McGill University in Montreal and a doctorate in political science in 1953 from Harvard University. He was the national security adviser to President Jimmy Carter during the years of the Iran hostage crisis and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in the late 1970s. He wrote numerous books during his lifetime including Ideology and Power in Soviet Politics, Power and Principle, Second Chance: Three Presidents and the Crisis of American Superpower, and Strategic Vision: America and the Crisis of Global Power. He was also a professor of foreign policy at Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies, a scholar at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, and a frequent expert commentator on PBS and ABC News. He died on May 26, 2017 at the age of 89.