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according administration argument Aristotle Aristotle's association become better body called causes chapter character citizens city-state common consider constitution definition democracy discussion distinction elements equality Essay evil example existing follow form of government forms give Greek guardians hand happiness higher hold honor human ideal importance individual injustice interest Jowett justice kind labor legislation less living manner matters means namely nature necessary object oligarchy organization origin pass persons philosophers Plato pleasures political population positive possible present principles question reason receive regard relation Republic respect rich rule rulers seems sense slaves social Socrates sort soul speak spirit term theory things third tion true turn tyrant unjust virtue wants wealth whole
Stranica 66 - How small of all that human hearts endure, That part which laws or kings can cause or cure.
Stranica 192 - Then, as we have many wants, and many persons are needed to supply them, one takes a helper for one purpose and another for another; and when these partners and helpers are gathered together in one habitation the body of inhabitants...
Stranica 252 - But, whether true or false, my opinion is that in the world of knowledge the idea of good appears last of all, and is seen only with an effort; and, when seen, is also inferred to be the universal author of all things beautiful and right, parent of light and of the lord of light in this...
Stranica 219 - And he who at every age, as boy and youth and in mature life, has come out of the trial victorious and pure, shall be appointed a ruler and guardian of the State ; he shall be honored in life and death, and shall receive sepulture and other memorials of honor, the greatest that we have to give.
Stranica 252 - ... appears last of all, and is seen only with an effort ; and, when seen, is also inferred to be the universal author of all things beautiful and right, parent of light and of the lord of light in this visible world, and the immediate source of reason and truth in the intellectual ; and that this is the power upon which he who would act rationally either in public or private life must have his eye fixed.
Stranica 283 - subtle thinkers who are beggars after all"; and there are innumerable other signs of ancient enmity between them. Notwithstanding this, let us assure our sweet friend and the sister arts of imitation that if she will only prove her title to exist in a wellordered State we shall be delighted to receive her — we are very conscious of her charms; but we may not on that account betray the truth. I dare say, Glaucon, that you are as much charmed by her as I am, especially when she appears in Homer?
Stranica 237 - The proper officers will take the offspring of the good parents to the pen or fold, and there they will deposit them with certain nurses who dwell in a separate quarter; but the offspring of the inferior, or of the better when they chance to be deformed...
Stranica 182 - ... apparent; and my meaning will be most clearly seen if we turn to that highest form of injustice in which the criminal is the happiest of men, and the sufferers or those who refuse to do injustice are the most miserable — that is to say tyranny, which by fraud and force takes away the property of others, not little by little but wholesale...
Stranica 49 - ... mixture, so, in this sort of community, the idea of relationship which is based upon these names will be lost; there is no reason why the so-called father should care about the son, or the son about the father, or brothers about one another. Of the two qualities which chiefly inspire regard and affection — that a thing is your own and that you love it — neither can exist in such a state as this.
Stranica 200 - And shall we just carelessly allow children to hear any casual tales which may be devised by casual persons, and to receive into their minds ideas for the most part the very opposite of those which we should wish them to have when they are grown up?