OECD Territorial Outlook

OECD Publishing, 16. svi 2001. - Broj stranica: 279

This first edition of the OECD Territorial Outlook examines policy developments in the areas of urban, rural and regional affairs in OECD countries. It explains why territorial policies matter and shows how diverse OECD countries can be. It examines such issues as sustainable development, metropolitan governance, and such policy devices as business incubators and enterprise clusters. The book closes with a survey of territorial policy trends in 15 OECD countries. Data are provided for geographic distribution of population and income per capita by region for OECD countries.


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Stranica 250 - In fact, some rural areas contribute to the quality of life of society as a whole because they contain important public or quasi-public goods such as a clean environment, attractive landscapes and cultural heritage.
Stranica 278 - ... process which is not without risks. The economies of metro-regions must constantly reinvent themselves through structural and microeconomic adjustments and respond quickly and effectively to problems in relation to the enhanced mobility of capital, skilled labour and technology innovation. If such response is inadequate or too slow to take full advantage of endogenous resources and competencies in the face of such new challenges, it will be by-passed, leaving declining sectors and communities...
Stranica 235 - The part of the overall management system that includes organizational structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes, and resources for developing, implementing, achieving, reviewing, and maintaining the environmental policy.
Stranica 180 - This simple model of circular causation with cumulative effects, released by a primary change, is, I believe, more typical of actual social processes than the intersection of the demand and supply curves at an equilibrium price which has become symbolic of much of our reasoning in economy theory.
Stranica 257 - the key elements of multifunctionality are the existence of multiple commodity and non-commodity outputs that are jointly produced by agriculture; . . . some of the non-commodity outputs exhibit the characteristics of externalities or public goods, with the result that markets for these goods do not exist or function poorly".
Stranica 196 - Taylor, M. (Eds.) : Interdependent and Uneven Development : Global-Local Perspectives, Ashgate Aldershot, pp. 143-176. ASHEIM, B. (2000), « Localized learning and the learning region...
Stranica 221 - Economic and Social Cohesion in the European Union : the Impact of Member States' Own Policies, dans Regional Development Studies, n° 29, Union Européenne, Bruxelles, p.
Stranica 179 - Conclusions 1. The role of demand appears to have a strong influence on the relative movements of capital and on the increase in wages in the different states . This appears to be the chief reason why wage convergence failed to appear in two out of three periods; and it indicates strong support...
Stranica 276 - It is undertaken with the aims of creating a more rational territorial organization of land uses and the linkages between them, to balance demands for development with the need to protect the environment, and to achieve social and economic objectives. Spatial planning embraces measures to coordinate the spatial impacts of other sector policies, to achieve a more even distribution of economic development between regions than would otherwise be created by market forces, and to regulate the conversion...
Stranica 278 - ... assets, along with other challenges for a sustainable environment and social cohesion. As a result, spatial development strategies have to be more than merely an aggregation of considerations and policy principles collected together in a plan or document. The task of public authorities in metro-regions now is to identify the critical relations among many agents which are likely to shape the future economic, social, political and environmental quality of a territory. Dilemma III. Economic dynamism...

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