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papyrus in 1873. He was a prolific writer. Aside from scientific work, he wrote a number of archaeological romances and others describing the countries where he had lived.
GABRIEL DE MORTILLET, geologist, died September 25. Most of his numerous works are impregnated with a sectarian spirit. The best known of them is "Matériaux pour l'histoire positive et philosophique de l'homme," 1894, in 4.
DAVID AMES WELLS, economist, honorary member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences, died November 5. He was at one time professor in the Lawrence Academy, and was also head of the Bureau of Statistics in the Treasury Department. He wrote "Relation of Tariff to Wages," "Recent Economic Changes;" "The Decay of Our Ocean Mercantile Marine: America and Europe." He was born in 1827, and was intimately connected with every movement for civil service reform and free trade. He was a popular educator in the highest sense.
ALPHONSE HUBER, formerly professor in Innsbruck, later in Vienna, died November 23. His history of Austria gave him a prominent place among contemporary historians. A list of his works may be found in the Polybiblion.
LUCIEN BRUN, the eminent jurisconsult, senator and professor in the Catholic University of Lyons, died November 29. His best known works are "L'Introduction à l'étude du droit," and "L'enseignement du droit dans les facultés Catholiques." He assisted Cardinal Mermillod in instituting the Congress of Catholic Jurisconsults, which has held annual congresses since 1876.
THE NEW COLLEGE OF THE HOLY CROSS.
Last October the Very Rev. Dr. Zahm, Provincial of the Congregation of the Holy Cross, purchased the beautiful tract of land known as Rosemont, adjoining the Catholic University, with the view of erecting on it a college for the use of the advanced ecclesiastical students of his order. Although it was then announced that work on the contemplated building would be commenced at an early date, it will, we think, be a matter of surprise to many of our readers to learn that ground has already been broken, and that Holy Cross College,-such is the name of the new institution,-is to be ready for occupancy early next September.
The plans for the Holy Cross College have been drawn by Mr. A. von Herbulis, whose plans for the Supreme Court building in the National Capital have been accepted by the U. S. Senate. The style of architecture, as will be observed from the accompanying illustration, is almost purely classical, and while embodying some of the most attractive features of such famous and imposing structures as the Lichtenstein Palace in Vienna and the Palazzo Farnese of Rome, it is nevertheless of chaste simplicity and admirably adapted for the purpose for which it is destined. The exterior of the edifice will be of Indiana limestone and Vermont granite, which will be so distributed as to bring out in bold. relief the external beauties of the building. The interior arrangements of the college have received particular attention both from Dr. Zahm, who is an old college man, and thoroughly familiar with all the great educational institutions of this country and Europe, and from Mr. von Herbulis, who has made a special study of the sanitary, as well as of the artistic features of modern architecture. The plumbing and ventilation are all that could be desired, and judging from what we have seen of the plans and specifications, Holy Cross College will be second to no institution of learning in the country in the perfection of its appointments.
Notre Dame University, of which Holy Cross College is a branch, is famous for the beauty of its many buildings. Dr. Zahm, in selecting the plans for the new building, doubtless wished to have a structure that would be worthy of the institution with which he has so long been identified. If so, he may flatter himself that he has attained his purpose, and Notre Dame, too, will have every reason to be proud of her youngest daughter in the capital of the nation. From an inspection of the plans, we should say that Holy Cross College in point of architectural
beauty will compare favorably not only with the other educational buildings of our city, but also with any of the many beautiful buildings for which Washington is so celebrated. Situated, as it will be, on the wooded summit of Rosemont, commanding a view of the surrounding country, it will, when viewed from a distance, remind one of some majestic temple on one of the sylvan heights of ancient Attica.
As was announced, when the property on which the new building is to be erected was purchased, Holy Cross College is intended for those members of the Congregation of the Holy Cross who have taken their degrees in the University of Notre Dame, and who come here to complete their theological course, or who are to do post-graduate work in some of the many departments of the Catholic University. Most of the students of the new institution will equip themselves for future work in the various educational institutions conducted by the Congregation of the Holy Cross in the New and in the Old World. Still others will prepare themselves for missionary and cognate work, for which such wide fields have been opened in our recently acquired territories.
Dr. Zahm, as is well known, is an ardent advocate of the higher education of the clergy. His books and contributions to the press are full of the subject, and now that he has been given charge of the province of his order in the United States he is evidently determined to put in execution what he has so long and so strenuously been urging as one of the prime necessities of our age and country. Like the eloquent Bishop Spalding, who has during the past few days been delighting us with his masterly lectures on education, Dr. Zahm is of the opinion that the education of priests should be "the highest education of man, since the ideal of the Christian priest is the most exalted, his vocation the most sublime, his office the most holy, his duties the most spiritual, and his mission, whether we consider its relation to morality, which is the basis of individual and social welfare, or to religion, which is the promise and secret of immortal and God-like life, is the most important and the most sacred which can be assigned to a human being." He insists with the learned prelate of Peoria, that the priest must "possess the best mental culture of his age, that without this he fights with broken weapons, speaks with harsh voice a language men will neither hear nor understand, teaches truths which, having not the freshness and glow of truth, neither kindle the heart nor fire the imagination." With Bishop Spalding, Dr. Zahm declares that "in the face of the modern world that which the Catholic priest most needs, after virtue, is the best cultivation of mind, which issues in comprehensiveness of view, in exactness of perception, in the clear discernment of the relations of truths and of the limitations of scientific knowledge, in fairness and flexibility of thought, in ease and grace
of expression, in candor, in reasonableness; the intellectual culture which brings the mind into form, gives it the control of its faculties, creates the habit of attention and develops firmness of grasp."
In his well-known address before the International Catholic Scientific Congress at Brussels some years ago Dr. Zahm outlined a programme of study for the clergy. Will he now carry it into effect in the college which he has just founded? And will he be able to realize his lofty ideals? His friends say he will, and point to the results achieved by him in building up the splendid school of science at Notre Dame University as an evidence of his earnestness and persistence of purpose in a work to which he is thoroughly devoted.
In connection with Holy Cross College, Dr. Zahm, we are informed, purposes organizing at Notre Dame a special school for candidates for the priesthood who have not the means of educating themselves. Many of the brightest and most promising youths of the country, young men who are eager to devote themselves to the service of God in religion, are ofter prevented from carrying out their wishes because their parents are unable to defray the heavy expenses incident to the long and arduous courses of study through which they must pass before they can be raised to the dignity of the priesthood. To those deserving youths, Dr. Zahm intends to extend a helping hand, and thus secure for the service of the Church many who would otherwise despair of ever realizing their fond dreams of becoming ministers of the Most High.
Holy Cross College, we have stated, is to be completed early next September, but it will not be formally dedicated until next October, at the annual meeting of the Board of Directors of the Catholic University. The archbishops of the country will then likewise have their annual meeting, and the occasion will be an auspicious one for the consecrating to science and religion an institution from which so much is expected. In ecclesiastical circles the event promises to be the most important which has occurred since the solemn opening nine years ago of the Catholic University of America.