Methodological Approaches to the Study of Career

Naslovnica
Richard A. Young, William A. Borgen
Greenwood Publishing Group, 1990 - Broj stranica: 267


This volume addresses a wide range of methodological approaches to the study of career with particular emphasis on alternative approaches. The contributors challenge those who see the traditional positivist empirical methodology as the only appropriate methodology with which to address important career questions and issues, arguing instead that the subject of career can best be studied within a number of disciplines, and using a variety of methodologies. Among the alternative methodologies explored by the contributors and employed in studies reported in this volume are those based on contextual/systems research, human action inquiry, and phenomenological/hermeneutical research. These alternatives, the contributors assert, are more responsive to human experience and social issues and are, therefore, often more viable for the study of career and career-related issues than is the positivist approach. Researchers in educational psychology, counseling psychology, and human resources will find this book an important contribution to the professional literature.

Divided into three parts, the volume begins by identifying a number of specific questions--involving terminology, assessment, samples, culture, and outcomes--that contribute to the complexity of career research. Part two contains seven chapters, each of which addresses a generic research approach relevant to research in the career area. Both epistemological issues and the specifics of methods and techniques are addressed in these chapters. Among the approaches covered are Vondracek's developmental-contextual approach to career development research, narrative approaches, and the use of ethnography in career education studies. In the third section, the contributors use a range of methodologies to address appropriate topics in the career field, including the impact of parental influence on career choice, the problem of unemployment, midlife career change, and women's career development.

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Sadržaj

ISSUES
xiii
Issues in Career Research
xv
METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES
17
Supplementing Differential Research in Vocational Psychology Using Nontraditional Methods
19
A DevelopmentalContextual Approach to Career Development Research
31
BiographicalHermeneutical Approaches to the Study of Career Development
51
Narrative as a Paradigm for Career Research
65
Action Theory Approaches to Career Research
81
Parental Influences on Career Development A Research Perspective
141
Help Seeking and Coping with Unemployment
157
New Challenges for Career Development Methodological Implications
179
Midlife Career Change Research
191
The Politics of Methodological Decisions How Social Policy and Feminism Affect the Study of Careers
215
A Structural Model Approach to Occupational Stress Theory and Womens Careers
229
Selected Bibliography
239
Name Index
246

A Theory of Goaldirected Action in Career Analysis
101
Field Research and Career Education
121
CAREER RESEARCH STUDIES
139
Subject Index
255
About the Editors and Contributors
259
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Popularni odlomci

Stranica 91 - To see keeping a conversation going as a sufficient aim of philosophy, to see wisdom as consisting in the ability to sustain a conversation, is to see human beings as generators of new descriptions rather than beings one hopes to be able to describe accurately.
Stranica 93 - There are two modes of cognitive functioning, two modes of thought, each providing distinctive ways of ordering experience, of constructing reality. The two (though complementary) are irreducible to one another.
Stranica 73 - ... we dream in narrative, daydream in narrative, remember, anticipate, hope, despair, believe, doubt, plan, revise, criticize, construct, gossip, learn, hate, and love by narrative. In order really to live, we make up stories about ourselves and others, about the personal as well as the social past and future, (in Meek, 1978, p.
Stranica 102 - Every man is in certain respects a. like all other men, b. like some other men, c. like no other man.
Stranica 96 - Plots than of his verses, inasmuch as he is a poet by virtue of the imitative element in his work, and it is actions that he imitates."* It is possible therefore to derive from Aristotle a criterion of objectivity for imaginative literature.
Stranica 132 - The career includes not only the processes and sequences of learning the techniques of the occupation but also the progressive perception of the whole system and of possible places in it and the accompanying changes in conceptions of the work and of one's self in relation to it.
Stranica 19 - Columbus, OH: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Ohio State University, 1985, pp. 27-38. Shepard, Lome A. and Smith, Mary Lee. "Synthesis of Research on Grade Retention.
Stranica 54 - Labouvie, EW. Bartsch, TW, Nesselroade, JR & Baltes, PB (1974). On the internal and external validity of simple longitudinal designs. Child Dev.
Stranica 27 - Conversion to standard deviation units is obtained by subtracting the mean of the control group from the mean of the treatment group, and then dividing this difference by the pooled or combined standard deviations of the two groups.
Stranica 96 - It is evident from the above that the poet must be more the poet of his stories or Plots than of his verses, inasmuch as he is a poet by virtue of the imitative element in his work, and it is actions that he imitates. And if he should come to take a subject from actual history, he is none the less a poet for that ; since some historic occurrences may very 30 well be in the probable and possible order of things ; and it is in that aspect of them that he is their poet.

O autoru (1990)

RICHARD A. YOUNG is Associate Professor of Counselling Psychology at the University of British Columbia.

WILLIAM A. BORGEN is Associate Professor and Chairman of the Department of Counselling Psychology at the University of British Columbia.

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