United Nations Peacekeeping Operations: Ad Hoc Missions, Permanent Engagement
This volume explores the evolution of peacekeeping, particularly since the early 1990s. This period was characterized by much initial enthusiasm and hopes for a United Nations that would find a more agreeable international environment for effective and sustained operations to secure peace where it existed, and to provide peace where it did not. Peacekeeping has always been one of the most visible symbols of the UN role in international peace and security. And it was disappointment with the performance of UN peacekeeping operations which was to become symbolic of the UN's failure to emerge from the ashes of the Cold War as a rejuvenated key player in international and, increasingly, internal peace and security. United Nations Peacekeeping Operations reflects some of the thinking, some of the experiences in the UN and in the field, some of the frustrations, and some of the hopes of this past decade. It combines academic analysis, field experience, and reflection with forward-looking proposals (including the suggestions of, and responses to, the recent Brahimi Report) for more effective peace operations designed and deployed by the UN in partnership with regional, subregional, and local actors. The various chapters in this book confirm the reality of differences among academics, international civil servants, and generals in their respective cultures of reflection, introspection, and analysis. The first part of the book outlines the challenges of post-Cold War peacekeeping; the second part sheds light on regional experiences of peacekeeping missions, with an emphasis on the post-Soviet region and Africa. In the third part practitioners with extensive field experience share their specific experiences in Cambodia, former Yugoslavia, and East Timor. Part four takes stock of the recent record of UN peacekeeping, and of the UN's own attempt to analyze, evaluate, and reform its performance in peace operations.
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action activities actors African agreement areas armed Australian Federal Police authority Bosnia Boutros-Ghali Brahimi Report Cambodia cease-fire challenges Chapter civil civilian police officers civpol Cold War commitment complex conflict prevention consent coordination countries credibility Defence deployed deployment doctrine DPKO East Timor ECOMOG effective emerged established ethnic conflict former Yugoslavia Georgia global groups human rights humanitarian Ibid impartiality international community international peace intervention issues Kofi Annan Kosovo legitimacy mandate ment Moldova multilateral NATO negotiations NGOs norms panel parties peace and security peace enforcement peace support operations peace-building peacekeeping force peacekeeping missions peacekeeping operations personnel PKOs political PolRI post-Cold problems Ramesh Thakur regional organizations responsibility role Russian Rwanda SADC Secretariat Secretary-General Security Council Sierra Leone situation Somalia South Ossetia sovereignty staff sustain Tajikistan tasks tion tional traditional peacekeeping troops UN's UNAMET UNAMSIL UNPROFOR UNTAC violence
Stranica 97 - Nations entering into such arrangements or constituting such agencies shall make every effort to achieve pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies before referring them to the Security Council. 3. The Security Council shall encourage the development of pacific settlement of local disputes through such regional arrangements or by such regional agencies either on the initiative of the states concerned or by reference from the Security Council.
Stranica 240 - Secretary-General to prepare an 'analysis and recommendations on ways of strengthening and making more efficient within the framework and provisions of the Charter the capacity of the United Nations for preventive diplomacy, for peacemaking and for peacekeeping'.
Stranica 217 - State collapse is a deeper phenomenon than mere rebellion, coup, or riot. It refers to a situation where the structure, authority (legitimate power), law, and political order have fallen apart and must be reconstituted in some form, old or new.
Stranica 108 - Peacekeepers must be able to carry out their mandates professionally and successfully and be capable of defending themselves, other mission components and the mission's mandate, with robust rules of engagement, against those who renege on their commitments to a peace accord or otherwise seek to undermine it by...
Stranica 241 - To seek to identify at the earliest possible stage situations that could produce conflict, and to try through diplomacy to remove the sources of danger before violence results; Where conflict erupts, to engage in peacemaking aimed at resolving the issues that have led to conflict; Through peace-keeping, to work to preserve peace, however fragile, where fighting has been halted and to assist in implementing agreements achieved by the peacemakers; To stand ready to assist in peace-building in its differing...
Stranica 103 - To that end, to establish a presence at key locations throughout the territory of Sierra Leone, including at disarmament/reception centres and demobilization centres - To ensure the security and freedom of movement of United Nations personnel - To monitor adherence to the ceasefire in accordance with the ceasefire agreement of 18 May 1999...
Stranica 190 - UNTAET shall consist of the following elements: (a) To provide security and maintain law and order throughout the territory of East Timor; (b) To establish an effective administration; (c) To assist in the development of civil and social Services...
Stranica 61 - ... 1. The trusteeship system shall apply to such territories in the following categories as may be placed thereunder by means of trusteeship agreements : a. territories now held under mandate; b. territories which may be detached from enemy states as a result of the Second World War; and c. territories voluntarily placed under the system by states responsible for their administration.
Stranica xi - NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization NGO nongovernmental organization OAS Organization of American States OAU Organization of African Unity...
Stranica 215 - State sovereignty, in its most basic sense, is being redefined by the forces of globalization and international cooperation. The State is now widely understood to be the servant of its people, and not vice versa.
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