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THE ANDOVER REVIEW:
A MONTHLY MAGAZINE OF RELIGION, THEOLOGY, SOCIAL SCIENCE, AND LITERATURE.
EGBERT C. SMYTH, WILLIAM J. TUCKER, J. W. CHURCHILL, GEORGE HARRIS, EDWARD Y. HINCKS,
Professors in Andover Theological Seminary, Andover, Mass., with the cooperation and active support of their colleagues in the Faculty.
THE ANDOVER REVIEW exists to represent progressive thought in the maintenance and development of Evangelical Theology, and to promote Christianity in its practical relations to individual and social life and to the work of the Church. Some of the special features which lend value and interest to THE ANDOVER REVIEW FOR 1889 are as follows:
A SERIES OF CHURCH PAPERS.
1. THE PROBLEM OF THE SECOND SERVICE OF THE SABBATH.
2. THE SECULAR WORK OF THE CHURCH.
3. THE RECOVERY OF THE DEVOTIONAL ELEMENT IN WORSHIP AND WORK.
4. THE STUDY OF THE BIBLE IN THE CHURCHES.
Competent writers, including Rev. ALEXANDER McKenzie, D. D., Rev. CHARLES A. DICKINSON, and Rev. DEWITT S. CLARK, treat these subjects, and others comment on their articles.
PUBLIC INSTRUCTION IN RELIGION.
This important subject, just now demanding wise consideration, is discussed by prominent edu cators, who will treat of Religious Instruction, both in Common Schools and in Colleges.
THE WORKING IDEA OF INSPIRATION.
Several articles upon this topic appear from Biblical scholars and pastors of wide study and experience.
SOCIALISM IN ITS PRESENT ASPECTS
in Germany, England, and America, is treated by writers who can speak with peculiar authority by virtue of their ample information.
The Elective Course in Social Economics at Andover Theological Seminary, covering many important subjects on which intelligent citizens should be thoroughly informed, is described in outline from month to month, and authorities are indicated. This course is presented in response to requests from ministers and laymen.
LITERATURE AND RELIGION.
The REVIEW Continues to discuss Literary Questions, and special works and authors, in their relations to Morals and Religion.
LESSONS FROM CHURCH HISTORY.
Prof. EGBERT C. SMYTH contributes several papers, entitled "Studies in Christian Life — Three Great Types of Faith."
THE EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT
contains in each number articles treating subjects of special importance and current interest relating to religion and society.
THE VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS
are maintained by writers of aptitude and experience. Sociological Notes are furnished by Rev. S. W. DIKE, LL. D., and Mr. D. COLLIN WELLS; Mr. MATTOON M. CURTIS, of Leipsic, supplies valuable Notes on German Theological Literature; Archaology is under the charge of Professor JOHN PHELPS TAYLOR; Missionary Intelligence is contributed by Rev. C. C. STARBUCK; and important New Books are carefully reviewed.
Mr. JOSEPH KING, M. A., of London, acts as English correspondent of the REVIEW. Mr. King is a graduate of Oxford, and has exceptional facilities for procuring valuable information on matters relating to Education and Sociology.
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A collection of the best poems suggested by localities in both North and South America.
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The Hudson. A Poem. By WALLACE BRUCE.
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Adirondack Essays. By C. D. WARNER.
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Roadside Poems for Summer Travellers. Selected by LUCY LARCOM. 18mo, $1.00.
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In the History of Judaism. By RABBI SOLOMON SCHINDLER, of the Temple Adath Israel in Boston. Cloth, $1.50.
This learned Rabbi, one of the foremost leaders in the movement to free Judaism from the literature of its past history, presents a series of scholarly lectures on the evolution of Judaism towards liberal association with Christianity. It is both historical and theological.
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AN HOUR WITH DELSARTE. A Study of Expression. By ANNA MORGAN, of the Chicago Conservatory. Illustrated by ROSA MUELLER SPRAGUE and MARIAN REYNOLDS, with full-page figure illustrations. 4to, cloth, $200.
"The philosophy of Delsarte is founded on this one law: 'Bring the outward manifestation of the impression you wish to create daily and hourly into the consciousness, and it will soon become second nature, and will take the place of the unattractive and consequently undesirable appearance.' Few books of this nature have ever been written which are so practically useful and so clear in suggestion as this study of Delsarte. It is published in the beautiful manner of the Lee and Shepard House."-Boston Traveller. By a Smithsonian Institute Man. INCIDENTS OF A COLLECTOR'S RAMBLES IN AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND, NEW GUINEA. By SHERMAN F. DENTON, Artist to the United Fish Commission, with over 50 illustrations. Cloth, $2.50. "Into one year of travel is often crowded more of experience and adventure than is contained in ten years of ordinary life," says the author in his opening chapter. He has evidently experienced both the delights and dangers of far country wanderings, Kangaroo hunting, securing rare specimens of birds, jumping fishes, migratory crabs, and curious beetles; adventures with Australian Natives in "throwing the boomerang," humorous scenes and exciting escapes from the Maoris of New Zealand, and a wealth of adventure in far-off Guinea, fill his book with ever changing scenes, fresh knowledge, and entertaining adventures.
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A RELIGIOUS AND THEOLOGICAL MONTHLY.
VOL. XII.JULY, 1889.- No. LXVII.
THE CREED QUESTION IN SCOTLAND.
A MOVEMENT for revision of creed is at present culminating in Scotland. It has been my fortune to watch it somewhat critically for nearly the quarter of a century. It was the first stirring of the question which led me in 1867 to publish a volume on the "Law of Creeds" in Scotland. The treatment of the subject, there was no doubt purely legal and external, dealing not so much with changes in theology as with changes in the documents of creed. Not the less it enabled and perhaps compelled me to follow every step in the subsequent process of development by our churchmen and theologians which has now resulted, even in the most conservative of our large Presbyterian churches, in the proposal to reconsider the creed and its document, and the connection with both of the church in Scotland. Of that process it is time to give some account.
In that year 1867 the chief churches of Presbyterian Scotland were all bound to the unrevised confession of Westminster. It had its origin in the "solemn league and covenant" of the two nations who banded together to be free under Charles I.; and for its sake Scotland, long before the Revolution of 1688, was willing to forget its original national confession that laid by John Knox on the table of the Parliament of 1560. Knox's confession lasted a century, and was laid aside by the Puritans. The Puritan confession had now lasted two centuries, and every Presbyterian minister and elder was bound to it by subscription. The United Presbyterian Church indeed, which since the later or