In God's Empire: French Missionaries and the Modern World
A collection of original essays by leading scholars in the field, In God's Empire examines the complex ways in which the spread of Christianity by French men and women shaped local communities, French national prowess, and global politics in the two centuries following the French Revolution. More than a story of religious proselytism, missionary activity was an essential feature of French contact and interaction with local populations. In many parts of the world, missionaries were the first French men and women to work and live among indigenous societies. For all the celebration of France's secular "civilizing mission," it was more often than not religious workers who actually fulfilled the daily tasks of running schools, hospitals, and orphanages. While their work was often tied to small villages, missionaries' interactions had geopolitical implications. Focusing on many regions - from the Ottoman Empire and North America to Indochina and the Pacific Ocean - this book explores how France used missionaries' long connections with local communities as a means of political influence and justification for colonial expansion. In God's Empire offers readers both an overview of the major historical dimensions of the French evangelical enterprise, as well as an introduction to the theoretical and methodological challenges of placing French missionary work within the context of European, imperial, religious history, and world history.
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French Missionaries in the Atlantic World
The Ottoman Empire North Africa and the Middle East
East and Southeast Asia
Africa and Oceania
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ACSSp 3I administration African AGMAfr Algeria AMEP anticlerical apostolic Archives authority bishop British Cameroon Cap-Haïtien Casamance catechists Catholic Catholic missionaries Catholic missions Catholicism Charité China Chinese Christian church civil clergy communities congregation converts culture Daughton Diocese DuBourg Étienne European evangelization faith Father Faye Faye’s February Fonds Lyon française France France’s French Catholic French colonial French Empire French government French missionaries Haiti Haitian Histoire indigenous Islam island Joubert Lavigerie Lazarist Lebanon letter Louisiana Loyalty Islands Madagascar Manchuria Manchuria Mission mandate Marchand MEP missionaries military missionaries missionary societies missionnaires Missions Catholiques moral Muslim nineteenth century officials Orleans Ottoman Empire Paris Mission political population Port-au-Prince priests Propaganda Fide Protestant religieuses religion religious San-tai-tse schools secular Sedella Senegal siècle sionaries sisters slaves social Société des Missions Soeur Spiritans Syrian Tahiti tion TRP Le Hunsec Tunis Tunisia University Press Vatican Vialar Vietnam Vietnamese Catholics Vogt women Ziguinchor