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the Reign of Terror. By LYDIA HOYT FARMER. With 35 illustrations. 12mo, $1.50.

FAMOUS MEN OF SCIENCE. BY SARAH K. BOLTON. Short biographical sketches of Galileo, Newton, Linnæus, Cuvier, Humboldt, Audubon, Agassiz, Darwin, Buckland, and others. Illustrated with 15 portraits. 12mo, $1.50.

MEMOIRS OF NAPOLEON BONAPARTE. By LOUIS ANTOINE FAUVELET DE BOURIENNE, his private secretary. Edited by Col. R. W. PHIPPS. Latest American edition, with 34 full-page portraits and other illustrations, and a complete index, found only in this edition. 4 vols., 12mo, cloth, plain, $5.00; cloth, gilt top, $6.00; half calf, $10.00; half levant morocco, $15.00. J

A CENTURY of AMERICAN LITERATURE. Selected and arranged by HUNTINGTON SMITH. Comprising selections from a hundred authors from Franklin to Lowell, chronologically arranged, with dates of births and deaths, index and table of contents. 12mo, cloth, $1.75; half calf, $3.50.

JED. A Boy's Adventures in the Army of "'61– '65." By WARREN LEE Goss, author of A Soldier's Story of Life in Andersonville Prison," etc. Fully illustrated. 12mo, $1.50.

CONVENIENT HOUSES, and How to Build Them. By LOUIS H. GIBSON, architect, comprising a large variety of plans, photographic designs, and artistic interiors and exteriors of ideal homes, varying in cost from $1,000 to $10,000. Bound in cloth, $2.50.


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METZEROTT, SHOEMAKER. A novel. 12mo, $1.50.

One of the best and most earnest novels, with a purpose, which this country has yet produced."-Boston Transcript.

A DICTIONARY OF PROSE QUOTATIONS. By ANNA L. WARD. Crown 8vo, cloth, beveled boards, $2.00; half calf, $4.00.

This is a companion volume to Miss Ward's "Dictionary of Quotations from the Poets." It is arranged on the same general principle, and contains upwards of six thousand short and pithy apothegms placed under the head of general subjects in alphabetical order. A complete index makes the volume still more convenient for handy reference, and a mass of biographical material adds to its value.

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tion. Over 600 illustrations. Calendered paper. Cloth, gilt top, 15 vols., $22.50; half calf, extra, $45.00; half crushed morocco, $52.50; half crushed levant, $60.00. Library Edition. Fully illustrated. 8 vols., 12mo, cloth, gilt top, $15.00.

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No care or expense has been spared in perfecting this opulent anthology, which easily takes the lead of all similar collections of poetry. The fac-simile poems and autographs form a most interesting and valuable feature. As a gift-book it is unexcelled.

AD LUCEM. Arranged by MARY LLOYD. Selections of Prose and Poetry for suffering ones. Parti-colored cloth, gilt top, 18mo, $1.00; seal leather, flexible, $1.75. A delicate and unobtrusive sympathy governed the compiler of the exquisite selections in this dainty little volume. They truly point toward the light.

A HISTORY OF FRANCE. BY VICTOR DURUY, member of the French Academy. Abridged and translated from the seventeenth French edition, by Mrs. M. CAREY, with an introductory notice and a continuation to the year 1889, by J. FRANKLIN JAMESON, Ph.D., Professor of History in Brown University. With 13 engraved colored maps. In one volume. 12mo, cloth, $2.00; half calf, $4.00.

ROLF AND HIS FRIENDS. By J A K, author of "Birchwood," "Fitch Club," etc. Illustrated. 12mo, $1.25.

IMPRESSIONS OF RUSSIA. By GEORG BRANDES, author of Eminent Authors of the Nineteenth Century." Translated from the Danish by S. C. EASTMAN. 12mo, cloth, $1.25.

"This is by far the most important book on Russia that has been published for some years."-The Nation.







THE QUIET LIFE." Certain Verses by Various Hands: the Motive set forth in a Prologue and Epilogue by AUSTIN DOBSON; the whole adorned with numerous Drawings by EDWIN Á. ABBEY and ALFRED PARSONS. 4to, pp. 106, ornamental leather, gilt edges, $7.50. (In a box.) CATHEDRALS AND ABBEYS. Cathedrals

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AN ARTIST'S BOOK ON ALGERIA. Winters in Algeria. Written and illustrated by FREDERICK ARTHUR BRIDGMAN. pp. viii.-262; square 8vo, cloth, ornamental, $2.50.

CURTIS ON THE CONSTITUTION. Constitutional History of the United States from their Declaration of Independence to the close of their Civil War. By GEORGE TICKNOR CURTIS. To be completed in two volumes. Vol. I. now ready, pp. xiv.-774; 8vo, cloth, $3.00.

The first volume is complete in itself. It contains the whole of Mr. Curtis's "History of the Origin, Formation, and Adoption of the Constitution of the United States, with Notices of its Principal Framers," published more than thirty years ago, and now carefully revised.

NAST'S CHRISTMAS DRAWINGS. THOS. NAST'S Christmas Drawings for the Human Race. pp. 130; 4to, illuminated cloth, $2.00.

DE MAUPASSANT'S TALES. The Odd Number: thirteen tales by GUY DE MAUPASSANT. The translation by JONATHAN STURGES. An Introduction by HENRY

JAMES. pp. xviii.-226; 16mo, cloth, ornamental, $1.00. (Fresh supply now ready.)



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By WILL CARLETON, author of "Farm Legends," "Farm Ballads," etc. Illustrated. pp. 170, square 8vo, ornamental cloth, $2.00; gilt edges, $2.50; full seal, $4.00.

"HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE" FOR 1889. Vol. X.; with about 750 illustrations and about 900 pages; 4to, cloth, ornamental, $3.50; vols. VIII. and IX., $3.50 each; vols. I. to VII. out of print.


Edition de Luxe. Boswell's Life of Johnson, including Boswell's Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides. and Johnson's Diary of a Journey into North Wales. Edited by GEORGE BIRKBECK HILL, D.C.L., Pembroke College, Oxford. Edition de Luxe, 300 copies printed, each copy of which is numbered. In six volumes, large 8vo, leather back and cloth sides, gilt tops and uncut edges. With many portraits, views, fac-similes, etc. (In a handsome box.) Price, $30.00.

The above works are for sale by all booksellers, or will be sent by HARPER & BROTHERS, NEW YORK, postage prepaid, to any part of the United States, Canada, or Mexico, on receipt of price. Harper's New Catalogue, a descriptive list of over 3,000 volumes, sent, post-paid, on receipt of Ten Cents.




Merry Wives of Windsor.

Eleven Drawings by EDWIN A. ABBEY. Comments by ANDREW LANG.

Six Short Stories.

The First Countess of Wessex. By Thomas Hardy. Eight Illustrations by C. S. Reinhart and Alfred Parsons.

A Golden Wedding. By Ruth McEnery Stuart. Six Illustrations by A. B. Frost.

The Twelfth Guest. By Mary E. Wilkins. Three Illustrations by C. D. Weldon.

The Song of the Opal. By M. E. M. Davis.

Medusa's Head. By F. D. Millet. Two Illustrations by H. W. McVickar.

The Taking of Captain Bail. By Sarah Orne Jewett. One Illustration by C. S. Reinhart.

The Flight into Egypt.

By Rev. HENRY VAN DYKE. Nine Illustrations.

A Poem by Blackmore.

Buscombe; or, A Michaelmas Goose. Three Illustrations by C. S. Reinhart.

Modern Russian Art.

By THEODORE CHILD. Twelve Illustrations.

A Ghost.


Oratorio and Drama: A New Departure.
By Rev. H. R. HAWEIS, M.A.
Ode for a Mariner Ashore.


In Holiday Array.

THE EASY CHAIR.-GEORGE WILLIAM CURTIS preaches a Christmas sermon on Fraternity, and, descending from the pulpit, allows himself an after-service utterance on newspaper "truthfulness.”

THE STUDY.-WILLIAM DEAN HOWELLS indulges in a fancy, and finds a reason for it in Thanksgiving and Christmas literature.

THE DRAWER.-CHARLES DUDLEY WARNER leads the merrymaking with a humorous characterization of "The Spirit of Christmas," and is delightfully seconded by such wits of the pen and pencil as George du Maurier, Caran d'Ache, A. B. Frost, John Kendrick Bangs, H. W. MeVickar, Bissell Clinton, David Ker, and E. T. Corbett.

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The Low-Back'd Car.


With twelve Illustrations by WILLIAM MAGRATH, printed by photogravure from copper plates, with plate-mark; also twelve Initial Vignettes, engraved on wood by C. H. REED. Size of volume, 9 1-2 x 11 inches. Handsomely bound in cloth. $5.00.

Also an Edition de Luxe, limited to 100 copies, with all the illustrations reproduced by the Forbes Photogravure Process, from the author's original drawings. All first proofs on Japan paper. Text in red and black. Folio, 11 x 13 1-2 inches. $15.00.

By ALFRED TENNYSON. Illustrated with original designs by H. WIN-

The Miller's Daughter. BROWN, and J. D. WOODWARD. Engraved on wood. One vol., 8vo,

The Two Brothers.


cloth, $3.00; ivory surface covers, $3.50; new style leather, $3.50.
LYNCH. Translated by ALBERT SMITH. Bound in paper, enclosed
in cloth portfolio, $12.50; 4to, extra cloth, gilt top, $13.50; three-
quarters levant morocco, gilt top, $18.00.

By JOHN BROWN, M.D. With eight Illustrations by HERRMANN
SIMON and EDMUND H. GARRETT, and a Portrait of the author, en-
Small 4to. Neatly bound in two-color cloths,
$1.50; new style leather, $1.75.

Rab and His Friends. graved on wood.

Legend Laymone.

A Poem by M. B. M. TOLAND. With ten full-page Illustrations, reproduced by Photogravure Process from drawings by eminent artists; also decorations in the text from designs modelled in clay by JOHN J. BOYLE. Square 8vo. Elegantly bound in cloth, with gilt top and rough edges, $2.50; ivorine, $3.00; white Turkey morocco, $5.00.


Christmas Stories and


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For the Little Ones. By C. EMMA CHENEY, SYDNEY DAYRE, Miss V. STUART MOSBY, and others. Illustrated by the best artists. An octavo volume. Bound in neat illuminated cloth, $1.00.

The stories are by some of the best authors, and pertain exclusively to Christmas-time.

By ANNIE R. BUTLER, With thirty-nine Illustra

A Story of Old France. By the author of "The Spanish Broth-
ers," "
"The King's Service," etc. With Illustrations. 12mo, cloth,
Being Stepping-Stones to Bible History.
author of "Glimpses of Maori Land,” etc.
tions. 12mo, cloth, $1.00.
Containing Practical Help on subjects relating to Girl-Life when out
of doors or absent from the Family Circle. Edited by CHARLES PET-
ERS. Profusely Illustrated. 4to, cloth, gilt edges, $1.75.

The book deals comprehensively with all out-door occupations and amusements to which girls can devote their time, and is intended as a companion volume to the recently published "Girls' Own In-Door Book."


UNCLE LAWRENCE, author of "In Search of a Son," "Whys and Wherefores," etc. One vol., 4to. Fully Illustrated. $1.50.

By UNCLE LAWRENCE, author of "Young Folks' Whys and Wherefores," etc. 4to. Fully Illustrated. Cloth, $1.50.

For sale by all Booksellers, or will be sent by the Publishers, postpaid, on receipt of the price.






No. 116.

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Wheatley's Cathedrals and Abbeys in Great Britain and Ireland.-Margaret Deland's Florida Days.Hitchcock's Fac-similes of Aquarelles by American Artists. Hawthorne's The Marble Faun.- Sheridan's The Rivals.-Emma Homan Thayer's Wild Flowers of the Pacific Coast.-Halévy's The Abbé Constantin.- De Maupassant's Pierre et Jean, the Two Brothers. - Abbey and Parsons's The Quiet Life.-Tennyson's The Miller's Daughter.-Yriarte's Venice.-Tennyson's The Song of the Brook.-Elizabeth N. Little's Off the Weather-Bow.-Meredith's Lucile.- Meredith's The Earl's Return.- Toland's The Legend Laymone.-Lover's The Low-Back'd Car.-Pennell's Pen Drawing and Pen Draughtsmen. -National Songs of America.-Dumas's Monte Cristo and The Valois Romances.-George Sand's Consuelo. -The Poets' Year Book.-Literary Gems.-Haunts of the Poets.-Warren's Ten Thousand a Year.Morris's Half-Hours with American Humorous Authors. Seven Days After the Honeymoon.-Hauff's Wine Ghosts of Bremen.- May Mathew Barnes's Epithalamium.


Henrietta C. Wright's Princess Liliwinkins.-Goss's
Jed. Sophie Sweet's Captain Polly.-Joanna Ma-
thews's Maggie Bradford's Club.- Madame P. De
Manteul's Captain: the Adventures of a Dog.-
Lang's Blue Fairy Book.-Miss Meade's Daddy's
Boy.- Harris's Daddy Jake the Runaway.- Kate
Douglas Wiggins's A Summer in a Cañon.-Wells's
City Boys in the Woods.- Mary P. W. Smith's A
Canoe Trip.-Madame A. Fresneau's Theresa at San
Domingo.-Laura E. Richards's Queen Hildegarde.
-Lil.-Wentworth's Kibboo Ganey.- Mrs. Moles-
worth's The Rectory Children.- Lucy C. Lillie's
Esther's Fortune.--Sarah Orne Jewett's Betty Leices-
ter.- Hale's Golden Text Sunday-School Stories.-
Trowbridge's Adventures of David Vane and David
Crane.- Susan Coolidge's Just Sixteen.- Elizabeth
W. Champney's Witch Winnie.-Gilman's The King-
dom of Coins.--Lily Wesselhoeft's Flip-Wing the Spy.
Knox's The Boy Travellers in Mexico.-Allen's The
Red Mountain of Alaska.-Three Vassar Girls in
Russia and Turkey.-The Knockabout Club in Spain.
-Abbott's Battle-fields of '61.-Coffin's Redeeming
the Republic.-Boscowitz's Earthquakes.-Feathers,
Furs, and Fins.-Sarah K. Bolton's Famous Men of
Science.-Miscellaneous Juvenile Books.











Du Chaillu's is the most ambitious work hitherto written in English concerning the socalled Viking Age of Scandinavia. It is the result of at least eight years' indefatigable work on the part of the author, and comes elegantly printed in two octavo volumes containing 1,153 pages, and not less than 1,366 illustrations. The work is illustrated from the antiquities discovered in Scandinavian mounds, cairns, and bogs, and from the old Norse sagas and eddas. In this great wealth of illustration may be noticed, as of special interest, the pottery of the stone age and the bronze vessels and weapons of a later period, the runic stones with their inscriptions, the illustrations of household decoration and of articles of personal adornment, and the curious picture-tracings on the rocks in the Scandinavian countries.

In regard to the method of producing “The Viking Age" we will let the author speak for himself:

"By reading carefully every saga-and there are hundreds of them--dealing with the events of a man's life from his birth to his death, I was able to select the passages bearing on the various customs. When in one saga the bare fact of a birth, or a marriage, or a burial, or a feast, etc., was mentioned, in others full details of the ceremonies connected with them were found. After thus collecting my material, which was of the most superabundant character, I went over it and selected what seemed to me to be the best accounts of the various customs with which I deal in these volumes. I have not been content with the translations of other persons, but have in every case gone to the original documents and adopted my own rendering of them.

"Some extracts from the Frankish chronicles are given in the Appendix, as showing the power of the Northmen, and bearing strong testimony to the truthfulness of the sagas. If I had not been afraid of being tedious, I could also have given extracts from Arabic, Russian, and other annals, to the same effect.

"The testimony of archæology, as corroborating the sagas, forms one of the most important links in the chain of my argument; parchments and written records form but a portion of the material from which I have derived my account of the Viking Age.' During the last fifty years the history of the Northmen has been unearthed as it were like that of the Egyptians, Assyrians, and Romans--by the discovery of almost every kind of implement, weapon, and ornament produced by that accomplished race. The museums of Denmark, Norway, Sweden, England, France, Germany, and Russia,

*THE VIKING AGE. The Early History, Manners, and Customs of the Ancestors of the English-speaking Nations. By Paul B. Du Chaillu. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.

are as richly stored with such objects as are the British museum, the Louvre, the museums of Naples and Boulak with the treasures of Egypt and Pompeii. I have myself seen nearly all the objects or graves illustrated in this book, with the exception of a few runic stones which have now disappeared, but are given in an old work of Jörgensen.

"As my materials expanded themselves before me I felt like one of those mariners of old on a voyage of discovery. To them new lands were continuously coming into view; to me new materials, new fields of literary and archæological wealth unfolded themselves incessantly. Thus carried away by enthusiasm and the love of the task I had undertaken, I have been able to labor for eight years and a half on the present work with some interruptions from exhaustion and impaired


The writer of this article was for several years a fellow-resident with Mr. Du Chaillu in Copenhagen while the latter was engaged in writing his " Viking Age," and can bear personal testimony to the remarkable industry and great enthusiasm with which the author applied himself to his work. Indeed, he was almost inaccessible even to his friends; and nothing but his great energy and rare vitality saved him from breaking down before his task was completed.

In these two volumes Du Chaillu succeeds in giving us a vivid picture-supported by an array of quotations from the ancient literature and by an abundance of illustrations of the "finds" collected in the museums of the character and life, religious, social, political, and warlike, of the old Norsemen, from their birth to their grave. He shows us how the infant is exposed to die, or how it is sprinkled with water and given a name. He lets us follow the child in his education and his sports. He describes the young man in his practice of arms, the maiden in her domestic duties and accomplishments; the adult in his warlike expeditions. He makes us hear the clash of swords, and the songs of the skald looking on and inciting the warriors to greater deeds of daring, or, it may be, recounting afterwards the glorious death of the hero. He makes us listen to the old man giving his advice at the Thing or Parliament. He describes for us the Norsemen's dress, ornaments, implements, weapons; their expressive names and complicated relationships; their dwellings and convivial halls, with their primitive or magnificent furniture; their temples, sacrifices, gods, and sacred ceremonies; their personal appearance, even to their hair, eyes, face, and limbs; their festivals and their bethrothal and marriage feasts. He makes us spectators of their athletic games, which were preparatory to the stern

realities of life of that period, when honor and renown were won on the field of battle; and he paints for us the dead warrior on his burning ship, or on the pyre, surrounded by his weapons, horses, slaves, or fallen companions, who are to enter with him into Valhalla-the heaven of the slain.

The reader of Du Chaillu's work will find that the old Norsemen had carriages or chariots, as well as horses; and the numerous skeletons of this animal in graves or bogs prove it to have been in common use at a very early period. Many full descriptions are given of their dress and the splendor of their riding equipment for war, of the richness of the ornamentation of their weapons of offence and defence. The descriptions of such wealth might seem to be very much exaggerated in the sagas, but the antiquities treasured in the museums of the North bear witness to the truthfulness of the records. The spade has developed the history of Scandinavia as it has done that of Assyria and Etruria; but in addition the Northmen had the saga and edda literature to perpetuate their deeds.

This epitome of Du Chaillu's presentation of the archæology and ancient literature of Scandinavia is condensed from his opening chapter. I have even adopted his own language whenever I could thereby the better indicate to the reader what may be learned from a perusal of this great work. It would be quite impossible, in the limits of an ordinary review, to undertake any extended discussion of Du Chaillu's deductions and theories. There is a sufficiently abundant array of facts in “The Viking Age Viking Age" to put a stop forever to all talk about our Teutonic ancestors as barbarians. The Teutons (and by this word I embrace not only the Scandinavians, but also the Germans, Dutch, Anglo-Saxons, etc.) have been civilized so far back as the torch of historical monu

ments can guide us. In the oldest antiquity of which we possess any knowledge of Teutons, they had a grand system of religion, a cosmogony, a cycle of sacred books, and knew the art of writing. An examination of the old Scandinavian mythology reveals to us gods of poetry and song, a god of wisdom and knowledge, a god of peace and justice, a goddess of history, and the mythology is as a whole so sublime and profound that it affords evidence of a very high order of intellectual development and of real culture; and both the religion and the Teutonic epic are found by comparative mythology, and comparative philology—those magnificent tele

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